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Pastoral communities need to adopt innovative land management practices

Around 90% of all agricultural land in Mongolia is pastoral land, used by 120,000 herderhouseholds (a total of about 500,000 people). However, according to recent estimates,more than 76% of the nation’s pastureland is increasingly subject to overgrazing anddesertification.  How can an innovative system of  land management  be put  in  placelegally, which addresses the use of pastoral lands and seasonal migration, while at thesame time preserving the land for future use?Results from this research have been crucial in the formulation and implementation oflegal  framework   for   managing  pasture  land,  as  common  property  resources.  Inaddition , since the approval of a new Forest Law in 2012, also ten forest communitieshave entered into co-management contracts with local governors in Jasil’s study sites.  However,  continued advocacy is needed to ensure that rights are given to pastoralcommunities that are currently awaiting approval of the draft Land Law  (which has beenunder discussion in Parliament since 2013). The law should create a legal base for theallocation  of  pastureland  to  herder  communities  through  co-management  contractsbetween them and local governors.

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Community based natural resources management (CBNRM) is new approach in the Mongolian transition context, with decentralization and privatization. Therefore our activities on empowering communities implementing according to the three, interrelated key research issues that the project is dealing with: pasture & NR co-management; livelihoods improvement; and policy/legal changes. These issues interrelated to the i) social; ii) economic; and iii) ecological improvements.

The third phase of the stu

dy project on: “Sustainable Management of Common Natural Resources in Mongolia“ being implemented from July 01 2004, in the MNE, with the aid of a grant from the IDRC of Can

ada, as a continuation of activities of Phase II for scale-up

community based co-management of pasture and natural resources in project study sites.

Project study sites represents:

1. Desert steppe ecosystem

2. Mountain ecosystem

3. Steppe forest ecosystem

4. Forest ecosystem