In the second year following activities on policy support for CBNRM was implemented:
- Study on revision of Law on Environment Protection for the support of CBNRM was carried out in cooperation with other projects and organizations. On the results of these multi stakeholder efforts Mongolian Parliament has approved in Nov. 2005, new Articles for Law on Environment Protection of Mongolia This law has strongest policy support for CBNRM, as it legally recognizes “community” (nokorlol) as group of local citizens for sound use of NR and Environment protection and creates legal base for allocation of NR to the communities.
- According to the new Articles for Law on Environment Protection of Mongolia, the “Procedure for allocation of certain natural resources to the communities for their sound use and protection” was developed by the project team members and approved by Minister’s Decree for the Nature and the Environment. The procedure also includes draft of co-management contract between community and sum Governor and the Certificate for Community organization, which will be issued by the Local (sum) governors. Procedure distributed to all aimaks and sums for the enforcement.
- Some policy study on pasture management and natural resources management topics has been implemented by the project team members.
- Policy study topics also expanded according to the new arrangements, government restructure and legal settings.
|Policy research is directed to introduce and obtain comments and opinions on Government policies, draft laws and legislative acts from community members throughout the studies, but also to determine implementation level of the pastureland and natural reserves management, and issues on which attentions must be paid, consequently, the project , and its multi stakeholder team, achieved definite results for ensuring correlation between the related policies and their implementation at local level.
Policy study for the improvement of Pasture land use legislation:
During the transition period from a centrally planned economy to a market economy, herdsmen families from remote and countryside areas gravitate towards the settlement areas near the big cities or aimaks in central regions, with good infrastructure including roads and communication system as well as closer to the market, tensions are arising over the availability of pastureland and the grassland is becoming degraded because of overgrazing.
Due to the above-mentioned facts, pastureland management is in the centre of the attentions of not only of our Government, professional bodies, but also study projects and activities.